KIMA - Korea International Medical Association


Mediplex Sejong Hospital, Caution of ' Coronary Artery Disease' during the change of season

November 11,2019

If the daily temperature range between mornings and night is big, the mortality rate due to cardiovascular disease is rapidly increasing, so you should pay more attention to health care. If the outside temperature drops suddenly during the season, the sympathetic nervous system is activated, causing the entire blood vessels to contract, which increases blood pressure. This increase in cardiovascular problems can lead to cardiovascular diseases such as angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, cerebral infarction, and cerebral hemorrhage, and can lead to sudden death so special care needs to be taken.The heart acts as a pump to circulate blood, and blood supplies oxygen and nutrients to organs throughout the body, which are also supplied by blood vessels called coronary arteries. At this time, if cholesterol builds up on the walls of the coronary arteries, or narrowed or blocked, the heart muscle is not getting enough blood, which is the coronary artery disease. Coronary artery disease is commonly known as angina. Coronary artery disease is increasing year by year due to aging, changes in eating habits, lack of exercise, and early diagnosis and treatment are very important as they lead to death if not treated on time. Coronary arteries are narrowed by many reasons, most often due to atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis refers to the narrowing and clogging of blood vessels due to the builds up of cholesterol in arterial vessel walls. The major risk factors include hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, smoking, family history, and obesity. A typical symptom of coronary artery disease is chest pain. When active, exercising, exposed to cold weather, or excited, the patient may vary slightly, but the pain that appears to be squeezing or weighing on or tightening the chest continues. Common pattern is the pain goes away when takes a rest. However, if the disease gets worse, it may occur even at rest and the symptoms may be longer. In addition to the chest, there may also be a radiating pain that can be felt in the neck, chin, shoulder or fingers. If you experience these symptoms, be sure to see a cardiologist. If left unchecked, it can lead to acute myocardial infarction, which leads to necrosis of the heart muscle. It causes death as well as serious aftereffects if the golden hour passes. The most important thing than treatment is to keep the usual precautions. If you have a family history of vascular disease, it is necessary to receive regular checkups from a young age. If you have diabetes and high blood pressure, keep manage your blood sugar levels, and keep warm when you go out. Avoid drinking and smoking, and must do regular exercise.